A premise: all the problems of computational solutionism can be expressed in terms of two fundamental misunderstandings of Turing:
- Simulation is not equivalence. A machine that acts like another changes that other and itself; it doesn’t reproduce them.
- Machines aren’t intelligent; rather they are persuasive. Thus, accepting or rejecting any individual one entails more than just reason and cannot be quantified.
To be clear: the two bullets summarize Turing’s actual positions. Their opposite interpretations rule us all, so to speak.